The Book, “Contemporary Issues in ELT” aims to introduce the new trends of the last decade. All the chapters are original papers and attempt to propose solutions to learning challenges in language teaching. The authors promote and concentrate on the CEFR, learner autonomy, nonverbal communication, learning anxiety, problem-based learning, constructivism, testing, vocabulary, and the teaching of reading. Each chapter starts with learning objectives to stimulate the learners and ends with discussion questions. We hope that this format will help the readers comprehend these new ideas and trends deeply and reflect upon them carefully.