Anasayfa







Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Difficulty of Multiple Articulations Encountered in Teacher Education and Their Rehabilitation by Computer
Mehmet DEMİREZEN
Hacettepe University
Bildiri Özeti:
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Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Difficulty of Multiple Articulations Encountered in Teacher Education and Their Rehabilitation by Computer
Mehmet DEMİREZEN
Hacettepe University
Abstract :

The articulation of the segments of utterances as vowels, consonants, and semi-vowels is a highly complex process. When a word is uttered, it naturally embodies primary articulations, coarticulations, and secondary articulations, whose joint occurrences in the same word are inescapable. Primary articulations of phonemes and sounds are indicated as broad transcriptions in the dictionaries, but this is not enough because they do not indicate the coarticulations and secondary articulation. In addition, the phonemic inventories of languages have never been good enough to demonstrate the joint articulations in speech. Therefore, diacritical marks come to the rescue to complete the eff iciency of the phonemes in describing the potentialities of phonemes.

Diacritical marks used by International Phonetic Association (IPA) are many in number to show the coarticulations, some of which are fronting, backing, rounding, unrounding, rising, lowering, released, unreleased, and dentalization, all of which help to indicate the allophonic variations in the pronunciation process. But still all of these are not enough to indicate the complexity of articulation. There are also secondary articulations like aspiration, palatalization, flapping, labialization, labio-velarization, velarization, and glottalization that serve for the process of the pronunciation of speech. In each utterance, thus, there has to be the joint work of primary, secondary, and coarticulations to give the naturalness of speech sounds. Yet this is not easy, some types of articulations go on their jobs to make the pronunciation of utterances very diff icult. Secondary articulations and co-articulations are of this type. For example, co-articulated consonants are sounds that involve two simultaneous places of articulation and are pronounced in two parts of the vocal tract.

It is mostly very diff icult to manage the two different articulations jointly due to the fact that two diff erent speech cavities must be used articulations cannot be managed by Turkish students at all. Such multiarticulations must be detected and analyzed beforehand because they mostly go unheeded, and thus continue to spoil the articulations of Turkish English language teachers and teacher trainees. The use of multisensory approach to rehabilitate their articulation can be of great help. In this presentation, a case study of 20 words of North American English carrying double articulations will be researched on 13 MA students at Hacettepe University, Faculty of education, Department of English Language education. Their voices will be recorded and then analyzed by computer applications to unearth the pronunciation and articulation diff iculties of utterances under the term multiarticulations.

Keywords : multiple articulation, labio-velarization, flapping, secondary articulation, co-articulation, syllabification
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