Anasayfa







Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Disability and Assistive Technology
Omer Faruk ISLIM
Middle East Technical Univesity

Kursat CAGILTAY
Middle East Technical Univesity
Bildiri Özeti:
Anahtar Sözcükler:


Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Disability and Assistive Technology
Omer Faruk ISLIM
Middle East Technical Univesity

Kursat CAGILTAY
Middle East Technical Univesity
Abstract :

There are nearly one billion people with disabilities all over the world and more than a hundred million people have heavy disabilities and need assistance. Many of these people with disabilities do not have equal chance to access education, health care and employment opportunities. Many people with disabilities need assistance and support to go on their daily life and participate in social and economic life. But, they could not achieve these goals, due to lack of assistive services. Moreover, people with disabilities experience worse socioeconomic conditions and poverty than people without disabilities. Each government or the councils, such as United Nations, European Union, make policy to support people with disabilities. Disability is not a fault and people with disabilities are a part of our community and have equal rights with us. According to United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2006), providing assistance to disabled people to maximize functioning, support independence and, participate in the community is the duty of governments.

Disability is a complex and multidimensional situation that has several adversities to measure. Approaches, which are used to measure the disability, diff er from one country to another. Furthermore, different approaches give diff erent results. Operational measurement of disability diversify according to several variables such as the purpose, application of data, the concept, the examined aspect of disability, the definition, design of the study and questions, sources that used to report, data collection method, and expectations. Actually, there are not certain types of disability. It has become a part of daily language due to some surveys that seek to determine diff erent types of disability. Generally, the term, “types of disability”, is used to define only one aspect of disability such as impairments and is confl ated other health conditions. Mostly, people with chronic health conditions, communication diff iculties, and other impairments do not added to disability list.

The Assistive Technology is an umbrella term that covers many technologies, devices or only methods to support people with disabilities. The assistive technology varies from a low-tech pen grip to a high-tech multitouch tablet pc. The common point of all is removing the barriers in front of the disabled people. People mostly think that the Assistive Technology and devices are high-tech, expensive laptops and sophisticated software. In fact, the assistive technologies can be in several forms such as no-tech, low-tech, and high-tech. No-tech assistive technology means using strategies that provide opportunity to learner instead of technology such as extended time, colored folders, chunking materials, and index cards. Low-tech assistive technology means using straightforward tools such as simple speakers, adapted scissors, raised-lined paper, step-by-step picture schedules, pencil grips, paper communication boards, calculators. High-tech assistive technology means using especially computer or computer components such as specialized software and advanced hardware devices.

The rapid developments in information and communication technologies have already aff ected our life. People can access the information without any time and space limitations. Especially related with the development of mobile technology everything is accessible at anytime from anywhere. These technologies simplify the life for people both with and without disabilities.

Keywords : disability, assistive technology
Dokümanlar / Documents
0506 891 83 48 | 0541 434 54 24
0312 425 90 90 | 0549 548 06 30
Bu web sitesinde yer alan bütün görsel ve yazılı materyallerin telif hakları Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık'a aittir.
Her hakkı saklıdır. 2005-2018 © Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
.