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Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Learning With Peers: An Interdisciplinary Comparative Study of Learner Interaction on Instructional Design
Semiral ÖNCÜ
Uludağ University

Zehra ÖZDİLEK
Uludağ University
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Sempozyum: 6th Internatıonal Computer and Instructıonal Technologies Symposium
Learning With Peers: An Interdisciplinary Comparative Study of Learner Interaction on Instructional Design
Semiral ÖNCÜ
Uludağ University

Zehra ÖZDİLEK
Uludağ University
Abstract :

Social tasks are what make groups work (Morgan, Cameron, & Willams, 2009). Satisfaction with teamwork is an indication of how well the group process goes. Many studies examine the process of teamwork, but there are not any studies, if not few, in the pre-service teacher education comparing diff erent departments who work collectively. Most findings on teamwork come from the health care literature. This study is designed to determine
computer education and instructional technology (CEIT) and science students’ perceptions of teamwork. The following questions were investigated: (1) What are the students’ satisfaction levels towards teamwork? (2) Do students of diff erent departments equally enjoy teamwork? (3) What are students’ justification for satisfaction? Students were first put into groups in their respective courses.

Each group from each course was then matched with a group from the other course. Students were asked to meet regularly to teach what they learned in their own class on a specific topic. 47 science and 72 CEIT students of fall-2011 participated through purposive sampling. The data for this study were gathered using the Teamwork Satisfaction Scale. It is a 10-item, 5-choice Likert-type scale by Tseng (2008). Qualitative data were collected by having participants respond to an open-ended question on satisfaction with teamwork with the students from another department. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and qualitative analyses were used to come up with the results. Of the participants, 41.1% were male. The results showed that the satisfaction with teamwork had an overall mean score of 3.81 (SD = .93). This means that students’ overall satisfaction levels were near the value of “agree”. CEIT students had a slightly higher mean score.

A one way ANOVA was used to determine whether the science and CEIT students diff ered in terms of satisfaction. The results show that no statistically significant difference between the groups exists with respect to satisfaction levels (F(1, 118) = 3341, p > .05). The qualitative results were coded by two raters independently to categorize the qualitative information. The data was coded as 0 = “did not like teamwork”, 1 = “neither liked nor disliked teamwork”, and 2 = “liked teamwork.” Students expressed their feelings in very simple terms and sentences were short (because of space on paper) so the inter-rater reliability was .991. The majority (71.43%) stated that they were satisfied with what they have done within their large groups. The following are the quotes illustrative of the student opinions. A student with negative opinion indicated that “I did not like, because except a few people, the teammates did not come to the meetings on time.” An undecided student thought that “I liked because it is nice to know new people and new ideas; I did not like because it is not much possible for that many people to get together.” A student with positive beliefs stated that “Because we conducted a group work with people whom we did not know before and about whom we did not have any presupposition, the communication and feeling of trust improved over time.”

The quotes were selected purposefully from students who were from diff erent groups. The results indicate that students of the two departments enjoyed the activity equally well as their scores were not statistically diff erent. The results concur with McNair, Stone, Sims, and Curtis (2005) in that the majority of the students were satisfied with the activity and the students indicated that they gained positive attitudes. The study is an exemplary indication of how the diff erent departments within the schools of education can
collaborate to provide their students with diff erent experiences.

Keywords : teamwork, satisfaction, group study, interdisciplinary, project
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